Someone Actually Did A Study On This…

Donkeys may seem like hardy animals, but a scientific study has shown that these big-eared equines don't do well in cold weather. Before we dive into the weird world of equine winter coat-lengths, let's first look at some equine terms that you need to be familiar with. Also, they may be useful later on in…

CBD, THC, and ECS

I recently had the chance to do some research on the endocannabinoid system (ECS) and cannabidiol (CBD). What I realized was that there are lots of myths, some truths, and way too much marketing. So, in this post, I'll simply present to you what the research says. No gimmicks, I'm not selling anything, and you're…

Evolution: Science & Language

Like Words, Like Genes Languages, like living organisms, change and evolve over time. Some languages have survived in isolation, while other languages have taken over large populations. Just like our genes, we humans are the vessels in which language spreads. In this post, I'll show you some pretty cool examples of language evolution; it's surprising…

Neural Networks, Genetic Algorithms

Mimicking Biology Neural networks and genetic algorithms are a type of machine learning that mimics biological systems. Like the name suggests, the way neural networks work is similar to how the nervous system works. Same thing with genetic algorithms, they mimic how genomes evolve over time. Neural Network Nodes make up the different layers of…

Machine Learning 101

Follow the White Rabbit The field of artificial intelligence and machine learning has exploded in the last decade. And thanks to The Matrix and Keanu Reeves, it's all a bit scary and sexy. In this post, I'll talk about some basic concepts of machine learning. Like with kids, there are different "learning styles"; in the…

How Nerves Fire

Whack! OUCH! Ever wonder how pain from a whacked hand gets to your brain so quickly? Also, what do people mean when they say we have electrical impulses inside our bodies? In this post, we'll take a look at how nerves send messages throughout your body. Though, let's not call it "firing nerves", in biology…

Nanoparticles

Tiny UPS... or something You've learned about phage therapy, quorum sensing and quorum quenching, which means, hello PhD! I'm just kidding, no grad student has the time to jump from topic to topic like this. But for us curious nerds, the next topic in the fight against antibiotic resistant bacteria is nanoparticles. Specifically, using them…

Quorum Sensing

Chattering Bacteria Ever notice how animals are able to communicate, move, hunt, and travel in large groups? Bacteria are no different. Quorum sensing, in the simplest sense, is bacteria chatter. Instead of using words, they use chemicals. Once these communication chemicals build up to a certain level, they affect gene expression and transcription. Antibiotic Resistance…

Phage Therapy

Evolving Bacteria Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem. This shouldn't be a surprise though, because if you exert pressure on a population, it will evolve. What we are seeing today is the evolution of bacteria from our overuse of antibiotics, from farms to hospitals to personal use. We don't have any clear answers at the…